Posts tagged 句型
今日再同大家看一個長句，它同樣出自 UE 1997 Section C 的閱讀理解。句子是這樣寫的 (lines 46-52) ：
It [The West's failure] extends not just to the environment and physical infrastructure of modern Asian societies, which people are amazed to find leave British and many other European cities looking run down and dilapidated, but to the moral and social order they stand.
句子既用上 not just… but… 這個平行結構 (parallel structure) ，也用上兩個關係子句 (relative clause) 。而最令學生費解的，莫過於兩個動詞 find 和 leave 在 people are amazed to 之後連在一起。以下時間，我會替讀者拆解以上長句，並且講解動詞 find 和 leave 的一些特殊用法；與此同時，讀者可以順便複習一下關係子句這個語法問題。
今日再同大家分享 Peter Kammerer 於 SCMP 寫的，標題為 World City? Rubbish 的文章，繼續解釋一些有用的詞彙和句型，讓大家學習、模仿。時間關係，今日只能同大家分享第二段：
Part of the problem is that I am lazy. The nearest three-colour recycling bins are a 15-minute walk away1. That doesn't account for me being self-conscious [= 很在意] about pushing through [= 擠過去] the often jam-packed [= 擠擁的] pavements near my home with bags full of rubbish, that glass bottles and food scraps [= 剩下的食物] would not be accounted for or that my neighbours are unlikely to follow my lead [= 倣傚我的做法]2. I live in private housing, not one of those public estates where recycling programmes are under way3. If authorities truly cared about the environment, they would give me and all other citizens an edict [= 法令] to sort our rubbish or face a big, fat fine [= 巨額罰款]4.
今日講講代詞 (pronoun) 的一種特殊用法，它不作人稱代詞 (personal pronoun) ，而是作為一個虛義引導詞 (empty introductory word) ，在分裂句 (cleft sentence) 中用來引入要強調的部分。好，先睇片！
同大家分享 SCMP 最近 (2010-04-27) 一篇由 Peter Kammerer 所寫的文章，題為 "World City? Rubbish" ，內裡有些有用的詞彙和句型，大家不妨學習、模仿一番。因時間關係，今日只同大家分享第一段：
Thanks to1 the government's plastic bag tax, I've learned to take a backpack (背包) when shopping. Without question2, I would also sort my rubbish into piles to make recycling easier were laws to that effect in place (制定)3. This is what is expected from people in socially and environmentally responsible societies the world over4. Authorities crow5 that Hong Kong is a globally plugged-in (與全球接通的) place and, while I would certainly wish this of the city I have chosen to call my home6, the fact that I feel guilty when I take out the rubbish makes a lie of their claim7.
繼續看 2002 UE Section C ，今次想談動詞句法與句型的問題。
The dangers of disease, corruption and civil war __(23)__ Africa an extremely difficult and dangerous continent to travel through.